The Beyond

Lucio Fulci's Zombie Masterpiece

by Donato Totaro Volume 1, Issue 2 / July 1997 4 minutes (951 words)

Fant-Asia’s screening of Lucio Fulci’s gothic zombie masterpiece The Beyond on Sunday, July 27 at 21h50 is something to really get excited over. Seeing this gorgeously photographed gem in 35mm on the Imperial’s huge screen is an event no died-in-the-wool horror fan will want to miss. The Beyond is arguably Fulci’s latter-career masterpiece (he directed his first film in 1959). The film’s collective talents of Fulci, cinematographer Sergio Salvati ( The Beyond is easily one of the best looking Italian horror films of the 1980’s), make-up artist Gianetto de Rossi, and Italian horror icons David Warbeck (who, barring illness, will introduce the film) and Catriona MacColl make it perhaps the archetypical 1980’s Italian horror film.

The Italian film industry of the 1980’s was noted for its proclivity for exploiting (read: imitating) successful American films of all genres, and on the surface, The Beyond follows suit. Much of the zombie imagery suggests Romero’s Dawn of the Dead (1979) and the plot of a house built over one of the seven gateways to hell recalls The Sentinel (1976). However, Fulci’s film differs from his American counterparts in that his zombies are pure gothic manifestations of mythic evil and are stripped of any socio-cultural underpinnings (Romero). As Fulci himself stated in one of his final interviews, The Beyond owes more to Jacques Tourneur’s I Walked With a Zombie (1943) than Dawn of the Dead.

Interestingly, The Beyond‘s plot also borrows from Argento’s Inferno, made just one year prior. In the opening pre-credit prologue, set in Louisiana 1927, a series of moody sepia tone shots of torch-bearing boat men (the film opens like the conclusion of a classic Universal chiller) is intercut with close-up’s of a woman reading [in voice-over] from an ancient supernatural book, Eibon, about the seven gateways to hell that are scattered about the earth. The close-up’s of the woman’s eyes and shots of the book are similar to Inferno ‘s opening, where a woman also reads in voice-over from a supernatural book, “The Three Mothers.” In Inferno the book recounts a supernatural edict of the three “houses of the Mothers,” located in Rome, New York and Freiburg. Fulci’s film maintains the supernatural element and tells the story of a hotel which is one of the seven gateways to hell. Another element lifted from Inferno is the use of a painting which becomes integral to the film’s thematic and metaphysical landscape. The painting in question, of the artist who is chained-whipped (recalling Fulci’s early classic Don’t Torture a Duckling 1972) and crucified in the prologue (filmmaker as martyr?), foreshadows the (minimally) apocalyptic landscape which the two “survivors” (Warbeck and MacColl) find themselves in at the end of the film. Even with these parallels, the film is undoubtedly pure Fulci: telephoto aesthetics, consistent use of panning and zoom shots, no master shot set-up, amazing setpieces, graphic violence, etc. (also, as any Italian horror film aficionado knows, the Fulci and Argento creative interchange is a two-way street.)

The story flashes ahead to present day Louisiana but the story, as par for Italian horror films, is secondary to the gore set pieces. The Italians have a wonderful knack for wringing every ounce of emotion from graphic violence by isolating particularly vulnerable body areas (ie. mouth, lips, neck, etc.). The Beyond is methodical in this regard, with the eye being the preferred wreckage site. If every director were remembered for one shot, Fulci’s trademark would surely be the infamous eye-wood splintering shot in Zombie (also being screened during Fant-Asia and a not-to-be-missed). The shot created such a stir among Fulci-philes that Fulci made it a personal challenge to top. He attempts to match it on two occasions in The Beyond . In an early scene the hand of the crucified, walled-in painter from the prologue comes crashing through a hole in the wall to gouge out the eye of an unfortunate plumber. In a later scene, even more reminiscent of Zombie because of the editing pattern, the same plumber returns as a zombie, out from a dirt-filled bathtub ( _Diabolique _?) to seek poetic revenge for his lost eye. He grabs a woman by the face and slowly forces the back of her head onto a large nail sticking out of a wall. In an edit to a profile shot, we see the nail come out through her eye socket, eye dangling at the nail’s end.

Though Fulci has no qualms about resorting to graphic violence, The Beyond also demonstrates his ability to rely on atmosphere and suggestion to mount terror (before clubbing you with the violence!). Examples would include the opening moments of the eerie pre-credit sequence, the exterior night shot of the hotel with shadowy zombie figures visible through the windows, and the surreal concluding scene.

Another scene from Zombie _that had fans talking at the water-cooler is the semi-playful, Jaws-reference underwater sequence where a zombie attacks a shark! _The Beyond contains a scene that is reversal of sorts on the shark attack scene. A German shepherd valiantly protects its blind owner against a horde of attacking zombies. Much of the battle occurs off-frame until the dog’s growling is silenced. Seconds into the next shot the dog walks next to its owner and sits down, back to the camera. Veteran horror fans will sense the calm before the storm. A closer shot reveals the dog’s glowing “possessed” eyes; in an intended shock effect, the zombie-dog tears into the woman’s jugular. Where else can your senses be assaulted by such sanguinary delights? The Beyond will take you there; as the ghostly bus driver said in The Dead of Night , “room for one more aboard.”

The Beyond

Donato Totaro has been the editor of the online film journal Offscreen since its inception in 1997. Totaro received his PhD in Film & Television from the University of Warwick (UK), is a part-time professor in Film Studies at Concordia University (Montreal, Canada) and a longstanding member of AQCC (Association québécoise des critiques de cinéma).

Volume 1, Issue 2 / July 1997 Festival Reports fantasiagenre_horrorhorroritalian cinemaitalian horrorlucio fulcithe beyond